Do you consider about educational toys for your kids? Have you ever sung a nursery rhyme to count with your baby? Ever asked your toddler to show you which tower of cubes is the highest? Already shared slices of apple saying, “One for you, one for your sister and one for me”? If so, you are already preparing your child to succeed in mathematics at school.
The concept of literacy means the ability to read and understand the written word. Numeracy refers to the ability to understand numbers and use them to reason. Like literacy, numeracy starts very early. By the age of six months, babies can tell the difference between a stack of 12 educational toys and a stack of 24 educational toys. As a parent, you support this perception by introducing the words “plus” and “minus”. It is an informal way to lay the foundations of the concepts of addition and subtraction.
Stages of Numeracy Development
Baby from 0 to 12 months
0 to 4 months
Can be the difference between two and three-point images.
Can immediately “see” that there are two or three points on a page, even if the ability to count is not yet developed.
Surprised when a puppet does more than the number of jumps he is used to seeing.
5 to 6 months
Can recognize that a pot that is half full of juice is different from a full pot.
Is surprised to see three toys when there should be only two.
Can tell the difference between two large sets of toys if one of the sets has at least twice the number of items than the other; for example, can see that a set of 12 toys is different from a set of 24 toys.
9 to 12 months
Can tell the difference between two big sets of toys, even if the sets are almost the same size; for example, can see that a set of eight toys is different from a set of 10 toys.
12 to 18 months
When it comes to small sets of blocks, he can learn to choose the smaller of the two sets.
Toddler from 1 to 3 years
1 ½ to 2 years
Can learn some number words.
Knows that number words are important.
Refers to educational toys with number words.
2 to 3 years
Knows that when a candy is removed from two candies, there is one left.
Knows that when a candy is added to two bombs, there should be three in all.
Try to count using number words, even if they are not often in the exact order.
Uses number words in the same order when counting objects; even if this order is not necessarily the right one.
Can learn to recite the words-numbers from 1 to 10.
Can represent 1 and 2 using his fingers.
Can spread eight toys between two children using the “one for me, one for you” strategy.
Learn to choose the “first” and “last” person in a row.
Pre-schooler from 3 to 5 years
In counting the objects, he knows that the last word-number he said answers the question “How many are there?” “.
At three and a half years, systematically gives the correct answers to the problems of addition and subtraction which deal with small quantities; for example, 1 + 2 and 3 – 2, using concrete objects
Here are some principles to remember when presenting the numbers to children:
For children, learning goes through play. Maintain a playful attitude and let the child lead you to what interests him.
Children learn through their senses. Use objects that they can see and touch.
Repetition is the key to understanding. Enjoy activities that are repeated during daily routines to awaken children to the numbers and shapes that surround them.
Children’s abilities develop slowly and over time and each child develops at his own pace. Wait for the child to be ready before introducing more complex concepts.
We have fun with maths in family!
The following activities and opportunities will be used to build a strong foundation that will prepare children for school. You do not need complicated equipment. Everything counts, starting with both hands of your child!
Children need to know the words that refer to mathematical ideas, not just the numbers “one, two, three …”. Talk to them about the size (a big truck, a small ball), how much (a full cup, an empty bowl), and the order (you first, me second). You can have fun repeating these words again and again in the songs and finger games.
A 4-year – old might be able to recite the numbers up to 30, but it is likely that his logical thinking is limited to about five objects. Children need a lot of practice to learn that when counting one number is given to each object and the last named number means the number of objects in the group. Begin early to reinforce this awareness by playing “John says”: “John says, take two steps forward – one, two”. When you read a book, point to the similar images on the page: “I see three trees – one, two, three. How many birds do you see? Older children can practice playing cooperative board games where they have to move their pieces as many squares as there are points on the die.
One can enjoy DIY activities to talk about shapes: “Here is a circle for the face. Can you choose two circles for the eyes? Help the children become familiar with the shape of the numbers by casting the numbers from one to five in modeling clay. Then they can trace the shapes with their finger. When you walk together, draw their attention to the house numbers on your way.
Stimulate children’s interest in comparisons by talking about them. “Your fingers are longer than those of the baby. “Your hand is smaller than your mitten. “You and I have the same number of toes. Let’s count them together. ”
The ability to arrange things in a given order is an important mathematical skill. Your children can practice by putting things in order of magnitude, for example by making a row of jars from the largest to the smallest. They can also practice doing sequences by playing a simple game of hands. Each turn, establish a short sequence by clapping hands while varying the pace. The other person must then repeat the sequence.
Pair and group
Housework is well suited to the practice of twinning and regrouping. Ask your children to help you sort the stockings in pairs. When it comes time to put the educational toys away, suggest that they put all the cubes in one box and all the balls in another.
At first, children measure things with their bodies: “How many times can you put your hands on one side of the book to the other? Show them how to place the second hand next to the first, without overlap. When you cook together, there is a lot to measure, but you may want to ask your child to put the spoonful of salt in a small bowl before adding it to your sauce, in case its measurements are not exactly accurate!
Give free rein to your imagination and invent your own activities to enrich your games and your family routine. With the attitude that maths are fun, your kids will be well on their way to managing the maths of everyday life.
Games to stimulate the development of numeracy
0 to 12 months
Fill, empty, stack and sort
1 to 3 years
Show one and two
3 to 5 years
Compare two quantities
Stories with three
We hope you get many ideas to choose educational toys for your kids. Share this article, and comment your opinions below.