The development of fine motor skills means that the child uses certain small muscles of the fingers and hands to make precise movements in order to reach, grasp and manipulate small objects.
At this age:
Remember that children do not all grow at the same speed in all areas. The information on this website is designed to be general. If your child’s development is worrying you, it is best to consult your doctor.
- The child draws characters with certain characteristics, such as a head, arms, legs, and trunk;
he paints with a large brush on a large sheet;
- He manipulates clay and modeling clay by rolling it between his hands or between his thumb and forefinger;
- He managed to put small beads (0.5 cm in diameter) on a lace;
- It cuts in a straight line or on the outline of a square with more precision;
- He colors the interior of a simple form by respecting more and more the limits of the drawing;
- He begins to write a few letters;
- He dresses and undresses with little help, but may need it to tie small buttons and snap a zipper;
- He cuts soft foods with his fork.
In the coming months, he will begin to:
- Carry a drink without spilling the contents;
- Spread his bread with a knife;
- Tie knots in her laces and attach small buttons;
- Cut out a more complex shape like a circle;
- Write a few letters, usually the letters of his name.
How to help it progress?
Your child has a unique personality that will grow at his own pace. But you can help foster this development by putting into practice the Comfort, Play and Teach parenting approach. This approach has been designed to integrate easily into your daily routine. Adapted to the current age of your child, the table below gives you examples of small gestures beneficial to the development of fine motor skills.
When you allow your child to play with a variety of texture materials, such as sand and water, as well as containers, sieves, and utensils of different sizes, your child takes pleasure in touching the different textures, which contributes to the development of his sense of touch, while learning the concept of volume.
When you make some modeling dough with some spices (vanilla or mint) and food dyes, your child learns to use your sense of smell and to mix colors by manipulating the dough.
When you often put pencils and chalks at your child’s disposal, your child exercises to color, draw or write numbers and letters.
When you give your child a variety of art and craft materials, such as boxes, glue, ribbons, tubes, wire, scissors or tape, and let him do whatever he wants, your child uses his imagination, which is the basis of his ability to solve problems, and his fine motor skills to make his own creations.
When you play table games that require counting and moving coins, such as snakes and ladders, your child learns to count in order, then upside down, to be the winner of the game.
When you write the name of your child by forming each of the lower case letters with dotted lines to be connected, your child learns to recognize the form of letters and to reproduce them.