The development of fine motor skills means that the child uses certain small muscles of the fingers and hands to make precise movements in order to reach, grasp and manipulate small objects.
At this age :
- He builds a tower of 10 blocks;
- He manipulates scissors and cuts out simple shapes like a line or a big square;
- He holds a pencil between his thumb and forefinger as an adult does;
- Usually turns the pages of a book, one at a time;
- He screws and unscrews a small lid;
- He draws houses and characters with 2 or 4 members attached to the head and without necessarily a body;
- He can button and unbutton big buttons.
Remember that children do not all develop at the same pace in all areas. The information on this website is designed to be general. If your child’s development is worrying you, it is best to consult your doctor.
In the coming months, he will begin to:
- Pour yourself to drink from a little-filled pitcher;
- Put on his shoes, but he still does not tie his laces;
- Dress and undress little by little without help;
- Wash with supervision;
- From 3 years old, a child is able to proceed to certain stages of its dressing alone. Help him to exercise his autonomy.
- Cut and paste simple shapes.
How to help it progress?
Your child has a unique personality that will grow at his own pace. But you can help foster this development by putting into practice the Comfort, Play and Teach parenting approach. This approach has been designed to integrate easily into your daily routine. Adapted to the current age of your child, the table below gives you examples of small gestures beneficial to the development of fine motor skills.
When you then encourage him to draw his house and all the people who live there. Your child feels secure and understands his place in his family.
When you the congratulate him because he is more and more able to get dressed and undressed alone. Your child feels competent and is encouraged to practice these skills with less and less help.
When you give him the opportunity to help you set the table. Your child feels proud to be able to carry things more easily and be responsible for a task.
When you give your child a box of beads and buttons that can be sorted by color or shape in an egg carton. Your child exercises fine motor skills to sort the different pieces according to their characteristics.
When you make available to your child various art and craft materials so that he can draw, cut and paste. Your child enhances the ability to take objects between thumb and forefinger while creating drawings and collages.
When you give your child dolls with buttons, zippers, snaps, and laces your child exercises the skills he needs to dress alone while playing.
When you use perforated panels, slats, and other pieces of construction to explore different patterns, shapes, and sequences. Your child can actually create patterns and shapes, and he learns to name them correctly.
When you give your child several magazines and scissors to cut out his favorite images for collages. Your child improves decision-making skills; and learns to classify images into people, animals, foods, and vehicles while improving cutting skills.
When you give your child a little construction game or drawing material that will allow him to exercise his fine motor skills. Your child understands that he can use his hands to express his thoughts and ideas by making constructions and drawings.